What is Dry Eye disease?
Dry eye illness is a frequent ailment in which your tears are unable to adequately lubricate your eyes. For a variety of causes, tears may be insufficient and unsteady. Dry eyes might happen if you don’t generate enough tears or if the tears you do produce aren’t of good quality. Inflammation and damage to the eye’s surface result from tear instability.
It is unpleasant to have dry eyes. Your eyes could hurt or burn if you have dry eyes. Dry eyes may happen on an aircraft, in an air-conditioned room, when riding a bike, or after a few hours of staring at a computer screen.
Dry eye treatments could help you feel better. Lifestyle modifications and eyedrops are some of the therapies available. To manage the symptoms of dry eyes, you’ll probably need to do so forever.
Main causes of Dry Eyes
Causes can be a number of factors that affect the tear film’s normal function. Fatty oils, aqueous fluid, and mucus make up the three layers of your tear film. The surface of your eyes should be moisturized, smooth, and clear after using this combination. Dry eyes may be caused by issues with any of these layers.
Hormonal changes, autoimmune illness, irritated eyelid glands, and allergic eye disease are all possible causes of tear film malfunction. Dry eyes may be caused by reduced tear production or increased tear evaporation in certain persons.
When your body is unable to create enough water, dry eyes might develop (aqueous fluid). Keratoconjunctivitis sicca is the medical word for this ailment (ker-uh-toe-kun-junk-tih-VY-tis SIK-uh). The following are some of the most common reasons of reduced tear production:
Small glands on the edge of your eyelids (meibomian glands) create an oil coating that may get stuck. People with rosacea or other skin problems are more likely to have blocked meibomian glands.
Increased tear evaporation may be caused by a variety of factors, including:
– Blepharitis of the posterior eyelids (meibomian gland dysfunction)
– Blinking less often, which might happen if you have a condition like Parkinson’s disease or if you’re focused on anything like reading, driving, or working at a computer.
– Eyelid issues such as ectropion (outward turning of the lids) and entropion (inward tilting of the lids) are common (entropion)
– Allergies to the eyes
– Topical eyedrops include preservatives.
– Wind, smoke, or a dry atmosphere
– Deficiency in vitamin A
The following are some of the signs and symptoms, which commonly affect both eyes:
– In your eyes, there is a stinging, burning, or scratchy feeling.
– Mucus in or around your eyes that is stringy
– Light sensitivity is a term used to describe a person’s sensitivity to light
Redness in the eyes
– A feeling of something being in your eyes
– Contact lenses are difficult to wear.
– Driving at night is difficult.
– The body’s reaction to the discomfort of dry eyes is watery eyes.
– Blurred vision or tired eyes
If you experience dry eyes, pay attention to the situations that are most likely to cause your symptoms. Then find ways to avoid those situations in order to prevent your dry eyes symptoms. For instance:
If you’ve experienced persistent signs and symptoms of dry eyes, such as red, irritated, weary, or painful eyes, see your doctor. Your doctor can help you figure out what’s troubling your eyes or send you to a specialist if necessary.