Before I talk about preventing dry eyes, it would be wise for me to explain what dry eyes are and what causes them. A chronic lack of lubrication and moisture on the eye’s surface is referred to as dry eyes. The eyes surface requires adequate and consistent layers of tears to keep the eyes comfortable, healthy, and seeing well.
Tears bathe the eyes’ surface to help moisturize it, wash away dust, microorganisms, and dirt that can damage the cornea and result in an eye problem or infection.
There are three components of a normal tear ﬁlm: the lacrimal gland, which is behind the outer aspect of the upper eyelid, produces the watery component. The meibomian glands in the eyelids produce the oily component. The goblet cells in the conjunctiva covering the white part of the eye referred to as the sclera, produce mucus-like components.
Each of these tear ﬁlm components is very important to the eyes. For example, the anchoring and spreading of tears across the eye’s surface are done by mucin. Keeping the tear ﬁlm from evaporating too quickly and increasing lubrication is done by the tear lipids. Dry eyes result in subtle or frequent eye irritation and inﬂammation.
Scarring of the front surface of the eye can also result from dryness of the eyes. Below are some of the medical terms used in describing dry eyes. The dry eyes that affect the cornea and the conjunctiva are medically referred to as keratoconjunctivitis sicca. The dryness and inﬂammation of the cornea are medically referred to as keratitis sicca. The medical term used in emphasizing the importance of poor quality of tears and low quality of tears is dysfunctional tear syndrome.
when focusing on a computer screen, smartphone, or any digital device, you will discover that your eyes blink less frequently, which could result in greater tear evaporation and a high risk of dry eyes.
Dry eyes syndrome is prevalent after the age of 50 though it can occur at any age or as you age.
Dry eyes can result from wearing contact lenses, so some persons do not wear them.
Air cooling and heating systems such as fans and air conditioning decrease indoor humidity, which can quicken tear evaporation resulting in dry eyes.
Dry, winding altitudes or dry climates can expose you to dry eyes.
Women who are we who are in their menopause have a higher chance of having dry eyes than men of the same age.
Serious eye problem problems like cataracts, uveitis, and macular degeneration have been traced to smoking.
The dry air in cabins of airplanes can cause dry eyes for people who are frequent ﬂyers.
Antidepressants, antihistamines, and medication for blood pressure like diuretics, beta-blockers, and birth control pills, usually prescribed or self-prescribed medicines can put you at a high risk of having dry eyes.
Thyroid-associated issues, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s, diabetes, and lupus are diseases that can cause dry eyes.
Dry eyes can be caused by cornea refractive surgery or Lasik surgery. But in most cases, the dry eyes issue caused by basic resolves after a few weeks of the procedure. Your doctor will recommend a preferred treatment before the Lasik procedure to help eradicate such risk after the process.
Eyelid problem Lagophthalmos is an incomplete eyelid closure when sleeping or blinking, which can cause severe dry eyes. A cornea ulcer is caused by an untreated extreme dryness of the eyes. Eyes infections, aging, nerve damage from cosmetic blepharoplasty, or trauma can lead to lagophthalmos. Below are some of the ways to prevent dry eyes.
Protect your eyes from the elements. One of the most sensitive organs of the body is your eyes, so you have to take caution in keeping them safe.
Wearing wrap-around sunglasses or protective eyewear in addition to UV ﬁlter contact lenses will help to protect your eyes. Some ultra-comfortable daily lenses provide a high content of water, UV protection, and blocking UVA and UVB rays like Everclear Elite. Although you can rehydrate the lenses with an eye drop, or you can do some eye exercises without your lense if you spent the whole day outdoor and your eyes remained dry.
Eating healthy is very important for your body. But a good diet can help people suffering from eye issues. Incorporating foods high in Omega-3 fatty acids, which are suitable for eye health, can help increase the production of tears. Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of water should not be left out. Some fresh ﬁsh like sardines, tuna, and salmon will help provide the essential acid required by the eyes.
Eating nuts and seeds like walnuts, peanuts, chia, ﬂax, and pumpkin seeds are also helpful. Antioxidants found in vegetables and fruits such as berries, orange or aubergine, and kale will help keep your eyes moist and comfortable.
Don’t Fall Asleep With Your Contact Lenses In
When sleeping, your eyes get the opportunity to rehydrate. If you are sleeping with your lenses, it restricts your eyes from breathing, which is not healthy for the eyes. Using Eyeglasses instead of lenses once a week would also help your eyes to breathe.
Be Strict With Screen Time
Avoid many hours of screen time to let your eyes rest. If you work online, you must take some breaks to help reduce or prevent digital eye strain. Use the 20-20-20 rule sometimes, which implies that you look away from your screen every 20 minutes for 20 seconds looking at an object that is 20 feet away. You can also adjust your computer font size and brightness to help stop squinting.